Scotland's leading First Aid charity
In a crisis it's vital that First Aid is delivered with confidence. We provide Scotland with the highest standards in First Aid skills, services, and volunteering opportunities. Together we save lives.
Heart Attack v Cardiac ArrestA heart attack and a cardiac arrest are often misinterpreted as the same, in this article our Traininig Manager Stewart Simpson lets us know the difference.
A heart attack is a condition caused by a sudden obstruction of the blood supply to the coronary arteries of the heart. The concern with this condition is the heart stopping. A casualty suffering from a heart attack can still be conscious and able to provide you with information regarding how they are feeling. The effects of the heart attack depend on how much of the heart muscle is affected, many casualties make a full recovery.
Recognition of a heart attack
• A persistent, vice-like central chest pain which may spread to the arms and jaw. Unlike an angina attack the pain does not ease with rest.
• The casualty may be breathless.
• Discomfort high in the abdomen which may feel like indigestion.
• Sudden faintness or dizziness.
• The casualty may collapse without any warning.
• Ashen skin and blueness around the lips.
• A rapid, weak or irregular pulse.
• Profuse sweating.
• Extreme gasping for air.
Treatment for a heart attack
• Call 999/112 for emergency help, inform ambulance control that you suspect a heart attack.
• Make the casualty as comfortable as possible to ease any strain on the heart. A half sitting position with their head and shoulders supported.
• Assist the casualty to take one 300mg aspirin tablet if it’s available, advise them to chew it slowly.
• Monitor and record their vital signs until the emergency services arrive.
• If the casualty becomes unresponsive, open the airway, check for breathing, if the casualty isn’t breathing commence CPR.
Cardiac arrest is a condition where the casualty’s heart has stopped. The most common cause of a cardiac arrest is an abnormal rhythm known as ventricular fibrillation. This abnormal rhythm can occur as a result of any damage to the heart as the result of a heart attack. The only way to treat this condition is with good quality CPR and an Automated External Defibrillator.
Recognition of a cardiac arrest
• Casualty may collapse without warning.
• Casualty is unresponsive and not breathing/not breathing normally.
Treatment for a cardiac arrest
• Call 999/112 for emergency help, inform ambulance control that you suspect a cardiac arrest.
• Commence CPR.
• Apply an AED if available.
• Follow all instructions given by the AED.
• Continue with the CPR and AED until help arrives.
St Andrew’s First Aid Training and Supplies Ltd is recognised by the U.K Health and Safety Executive (HSE) as a standard setter in First Aid. We believe that no one should die or suffer because they needed First Aid and did not receive it. Employers are legally required to arrange for the immediate care of any staff who have an accident or become ill while they are at work.
To meet current legislation we offer our customers First Aid training courses for both the workplace and general public along with our comprehensive range of First Aid supplies.
In order to help you select the right equipment for your workplace First Aid room or office we have pulled together the following items as a base guideline to get you started.
What does the law say?
The Health and Safety (First Aid) regulations 1981 states:
“An employer shall provide or ensure that they are provided such equipment and facilities as are adequate and appropriate in the circumstances for enabling first aid to be rendered to his employees if they are injured or become ill at work.”
BSi Workplace First Aid Kits
When did the new standard come into force?
The new BS8599-1 compliant kits were introduced on 30th June 2011, with a transitional introduction period ending on 31st December 2011.
What kind of BSi Kit do I need for my workplace?
Our BSi kits come in a range of styles to accommodate different working environments:-
BSi Workplace First Aid kits provides everything you need to comply with current HSE guidelines. Easy identified these kits can be safely stored or displayed in any working environment.
Catering Kit contents are coloured blue making them visually detectable for use in the catering industry.
Employers should also consider providing First Aid kits to all mobile members of staff or alternatively placing them in vehicles used by mobile staff members for business purposes. The NEW British Standard for Vehicle First Aid kits was launched on February 1st 2014.
For more information please visit http://shop.firstaid.org.uk/first-aid-kits
The aim of installing defibrillators in the workplace is to protect the workforce and also protect members of the public.
In the UK there are over 30,000 cardiac arrests a year outside of hospital where the emergency medical services attempt to resuscitate the casualty. Less than one in ten casualties survive to be discharged from hospital (source The British Heart Foundation).
Changes to Resuscitation Council UK guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in October 2015 mean that the HSE will now be revising the Emergency First Aid and First Aid at Work syllabuses. The revision will require all workplace first aiders to be trained in the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) from the 31 December 2016, as the Resuscitation Council UK guidelines now state that the management of a casualty requiring CPR is to request an AED.
By equipping your workplace with an Automatic External Defibrillator you are providing the best chance of survival for any casualty should they suffer from a Cardiac Arrest. Defibrillation is the best way to treat a Cardiac Arrest. When defibrillation is achieved within the first 3 minutes the chances of survival rise up to 70%. Investing in a defibrillator for your workplace is invaluable.
For more information please visit http://shop.firstaid.org.uk/aed-defibrillator
Publications and Signage
To comply with the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 1996, safety signs and signals are required where a significant risk to the health and safety of employees and others remains.
Signs must be clear and legible, and should be used to identify actions that are prohibited (e.g. no access), safeguards that must be followed (e.g. ear protection must be worn), warning of a hazard (e.g. corrosive material) and to direct towards fire exits/equipment or first-aid equipment.
From Health and Safety Law posters to Fire Safety Log Books and Eyewash station notices, we have everything you need to feel confident that you are fulfilling your Health and Safety responsibilities as an employer.
We are also the proud co-authors of the nations Revised 10th Edition of the First Aid Manual. This latest edition was released at the beginning of July 2016.
For more information please visit http://shop.firstaid.org.uk/publications-signage-posters
At St Andrew's First Aid Training and Supplies Ltd we all share a passion for First Aid. This month we are sharing the story of how our Trainer Chris became interested in First Aid.
“I got involved in First Aid at the age of 22 when I started employment with the Inland Revenue when they were looking for more First Aiders. I followed this up by becoming a St. Andrew's First Aid volunteer and part-time First Aid Trainer in 2004 and then became a full-time Trainer with our Social Enterprise in August 2011.
I guess I was destined to be involved in First Aid when at the tender age of 6 months I died by choking on the food my mother had previously given me when I was in the pram outside the Chemist in Dennistoun. The chemist saved my life by giving me mouth to mouth and nose resuscitation.
I can therefore state quite clearly that First Aid is vitally important and that everyone should become a first aider, so that they can have the skills to save a life, especially if it involves a loved one.”
St. Andrew’s First Aid Training & Supplies Ltd