Burns and Scalds advice


  • A superficial burn affects only the outermost layer of skin. There may be redness, swelling and tenderness
  • A partial thickness burn affects the epidermis. There may be redness, blistering and pain
  • A full thickness burn affects all layers of the skin, with possible damage to nerves and underlying tissues. Skin could appear black and charred or waxy white and may be painless due to nerve damage


Your aims

  • Cool the area to prevent further burning and to assess the severity of the burn
  • To relieve discomfort and pain
  • Obtain medical help if required



Do not put fats, creams or lotions onto a burn. Do not burst any blisters as this can introduce infection.

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