Be prepared for the school holidays!
As the holidays get into fully swing, it is important to know how to treat minor first aid injuries which are common in primary school age children. With the weather looking to stay, your kids will be raring to get outside and play! Read on for advice on how to treat the most common injuries caused from playing outside.
Cuts and Grazes
Bleeding caused by a small cut or graze is very easily treated. Ensure the wound is clean by rinsing under running water or using an alcohol-free wipe. Pat the wound dry and cover around the area with sterile gauze. Clean the area around the wound with soap and water, make sure to wipe away from the wound and use a clean swab for each stroke. Pat the area dry and apply a sterile dressing (e.g. a plaster).
Sprains and Strains
If a child has fallen and injured their ankle or wrist, they may have strained or sprained the soft tissue around the bone or joint.
The child may feel pain, tenderness and have difficulty moving the injured part, you may also notice swelling and bruising around the injured area. To help, use the following steps:
- R – Rest the injured part by helping the casualty to sit or lie down
- I – Apply an ice pack or cold pack. Don’t put it directly onto the casualty’s skin, wrap it in a towel or similar material
- C – Provide comfortable support. Leave the cold compress in place, cover it with soft padding and secure it with a bandage
- E – Elevate the injured part to help ease the pain and swelling
Sometimes a sprain can be confused with a broken bone, however a fracture is normally caused by more force.
If you are in any doubt whether you are treating a sprain, strain or fracture then the easiest way is always to treat it as a fracture. A fracture can be recognised if you see a deformity in the limb or a wound where a bone is protruding. The casualty may also go into shock. If you suspect a fracture, the first thing you must do is call 999 or 112 for help.
There are two types of fractures; open and closed. An open fracture is when there is a wound and/or protruding bone at the site of the fracture. However, in a closed fracture the skin around the fracture stays intact.
For a closed fracture, support the joint above and below the injured area with your hands until the area is immobilised with a sling or bandage. Place padding around the injured area for extra support.
To treat an open fracture, first cover the wound with a sterile non-fluffy pad. Apply pressure but be careful not to press on the protruding bone. Place a sterile wound dressing or more clean padding over and around the original dressing. Secure with a bandage firmly but not too tight to impair circulation. After this, follow the procedure for a closed fracture.
Having a first aid kit in your home can help you to effectively deal with first aid incidents similar to those mentioned above. We offer a range of home suitable first aid kits in our online supplies store.